Teddington Lock and Weir
The first lock was started in September 1810, but there were delays caused by flooding in November and December. It was finished and opened in June 1811, but the weir was incomplete. It was rebuilt in 1857 and the weir was rebuilt in 1871. The footbridges were opened in 1889 and finally the barge lock, the largest lock on the river, was built in 1904–1905.
In 1940 Teddington Lock was the assembly point for an enormous flotilla of small ships from the length of the River Thames to be used in the evacuation of Dunkirk. Early twenty-first century renovation and improvement work in the area around the locks was undertaken as part of the Thames Landscape Strategy Teddington Gateway project.
1941: The Thames Disappears!
This story was submitted by Mick Pitt to ‘WW1 People’s War’ which is an online archive of Wartime memories contributed by members of the public and gathered by the BBC.
It was a warm, sunny Sunday around 1941 and the French windows were open at our home in Dysart Road, overlooking the river Thames.
With no air raid wanting there was a sudden bang. I was I2 years-old and my mother, in the kitchen, vexed called to my father, “What’s he doing now?” She meant me, and I was doing nothing but waiting for my lunch.
From our window, we could see a pall of smoke over Teddington Lock, a few hundred yards downriver, where the Thames becomes tidal. We quickly realized it was a bomb. So blasé had the family become about bombs (a hundred fell on our neighbourhood of Ham, so one more could wait) my parents made me sit down to lunch before I was allowed out to investigate. Neither they, nor my elder brother, bothered to leave the house. But curiosity took me to the Lock.
It was astonishing. The river was alive with dinghies and people, surrounded by hundreds of dead ﬁsh. They were pulling them from the water – many measuring some two feet, and offering them for sale, supposedly to beneﬁt the War Charity which funded, among other things, aid to our Russian allies.
The cause of this impromptu ﬁsh market was a stick of bombs, dropped by a German plane, on the Lock. Three or four had fallen into the river without exploding, but one had hit the weir island, destroying it and the sluice gates which controlled the ﬂow at this crucial spot where the Thames becomes tidal. A torrent was pouring over the smashed weir, and concussion of the explosion had killed the ﬁsh.
When the entrepreneurial trade had subsided, I went home to bed, and my father to work on nightshift at the Leyland factory, a few hundred yards upriver from our home, where they built Cromwell tanks.
I awoke when he arrived home in the morning to hear him tell the family in amazed tones: “the river’s gone!” We got up to cross the green outside our front windows and stared in amazement. The Thames had disappeared. There was nothing but a tiny rivulet trickling between its broad banks. Off came my socks and shoes and l walked across its bed, some 70 yards, to the Middlesex side. I was soon joined by scores of other sightseers, instant beachcombers of treasures at our feet. There were numerous handbags and handfuls of cash which had fallen, over the years, out of skiffs, rowing boats and punts which recreationally used the river. Revolvers and riﬂes were also recovered, and beneath Kingston Bridge an empty safe, believed to have been dumped after a successful robbery.
From Hampton Court Lock to Richmond, moored boats had been toppled and damaged, and though the daily tides rose and fell below Teddington Lock, sections upriver remained dry for weeks before till sluices were rebuilt. The bomb had destroyed part of the central island. The river was no longer navigable for wartime barges carrying coal and materials up to Oxford.
Petrol rationing had turned the Thames into a major highway and Vospers boatyards upriver at Walton, where they built motor torpedo boat: (MTBs), could not dispatch their craft to the Royal Navy until the river was brought back to life.
Not a word of the Thames’s humiliation ever appeared in the newspapers. Wartime security, denying due enemy satisfaction of publicity, saw to that.